Opening Time:  Mon‑Fri  00:00‑23:59   Sat‑Sun 00:00‑23:59
Call now:  0086-0755-23034656

Typical Inductance Range for PCB Coils

Jarnistech > PCB Coil > Typical Inductance Range for PCB Coils
4 Layer Multilayer PCB Coil

PCB coils play a vital role in numerous electronic circuits, and their inductance values greatly influence circuit performance. Understanding the typical inductance ranges and their implications is crucial for engineers involved in coil design and selection. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the typical inductance ranges for various types of PCB coils, including spiral, solenoid, toroidal, and planar coils. It also highlights the factors that can affect inductance values and offers insights into practical considerations for coil design.

Overview of PCB Coils and Inductance

PCB coils, also known as PCB inductors or surface mount inductors, are specialized components used in printed circuit board (PCB) designs to provide inductance. Inductance is the property of a circuit element that opposes changes in current flow and stores energy in a magnetic field.

PCB coils are typically small, compact components that are manufactured using various winding techniques and materials. They are designed to have a specific inductance value and are often used in conjunction with other components, such as capacitors, to form various electronic circuits.

Inductance is measured in units called henries (H), but in PCB design, smaller units such as microhenries (μH) or nanohenries (nH) are commonly used. The inductance value of a PCB coil depends on several factors, including the number of turns in the coil, the coil’s physical dimensions, and the material used for the core.

PCB coils find applications in a wide range of electronic devices and circuits. Some common uses include:

1. Filtering and Signal Conditioning: PCB coils are frequently utilized in filter circuits to block or pass specific frequencies. They can be combined with capacitors to create low-pass, high-pass, or bandpass filters, which are essential for signal conditioning and noise suppression.

2. RF and Wireless Applications: PCB coils are crucial in RF (Radio Frequency) and wireless circuits. They are used in antennas, impedance matching networks, RF filters, and resonant circuits to ensure proper signal transmission and reception.

3. Power Electronics: In power electronics applications, such as DC-DC converters and voltage regulators, PCB coils are used to store and transfer energy efficiently. They play a vital role in regulating current and voltage levels, reducing electrical noise, and improving overall power conversion efficiency.

4. Oscillators and Resonant Circuits: PCB coils are integral components in oscillators and resonant circuits, where they work in conjunction with capacitors to create precise frequency-tuning circuits. These circuits are commonly found in applications like radio receivers, wireless communication systems, and clock generation.

5. EMI and EMC Protection: PCB coils are employed in EMI (Electromagnetic Interference) and EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility) protection circuits. They help suppress unwanted electromagnetic interference and ensure compliance with regulatory standards.

When selecting a PCB coil for a specific application, several factors need to be considered. These include the required inductance value, current rating, frequency range, physical size constraints, and environmental considerations. Manufacturers provide datasheets that contain detailed specifications and performance characteristics of their PCB coil products, aiding engineers in making informed choices.

Overall, PCB coils are essential components in many electronic circuits. Their ability to provide inductance enables various functions, including filtering, impedance matching, energy storage, and frequency control. Engineers must carefully consider the application requirements and choose the most suitable PCB coil to achieve optimal circuit performance.

Role of Inductors in PCB Design

Inductors play a critical role in PCB design as they fulfill several essential functions within electronic circuits. They serve as versatile components with various applications in a circuit, contributing to its overall performance and functionality. The following are key roles of inductors in PCB design:

1. Energy Storage: Inductors possess the capability to store energy within their magnetic fields when a current passes through them. This stored energy can be efficiently released back into the circuit when required, enabling effective power management.

2. Filtering: Inductors are commonly employed as integral components in filters, allowing selective passage or blocking of specific frequencies. When combined with capacitors, they form LC filters, which effectively eliminate undesired frequency components from signals, enhancing signal quality.

3. Resonance: By utilizing the complementary properties of inductors and capacitors, resonant circuits can be formed. These circuits exhibit a peak response at a specific frequency, enabling their utilization in applications such as tuned circuits and oscillators, where precise frequency control is crucial.

4. Impedance Matching: Inductors contribute significantly to impedance matching within circuits. They facilitate the matching of impedance between different circuits or components, optimizing power transfer and minimizing undesirable signal reflections.

5. Power Conversion: In power conversion circuits, particularly switch-mode power supplies (SMPS), inductors are fundamental components. They facilitate energy storage during the on-time of a switching cycle and subsequent release during the off-time, effectively regulating and stabilizing the output voltage.

6. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Suppression: Inductors effectively suppress EMI by providing a low-impedance pathway for high-frequency noise currents. This aids in preventing the propagation of EMI through the circuit or its radiation from the PCB, ensuring the integrity of the electronic system.

Inductors are available in various form-factors, including through-hole, surface-mount, and integrated passive components (IPCs). The selection of the appropriate inductor type and design is dependent on specific application requirements, such as the desired inductance value, current rating, frequency response, and physical size constraints.

Therefor, inductors are indispensable components in PCB design, offering a broad range of electronic functions and significantly enhancing circuit performance. Their versatile nature and ability to fulfill multiple roles make them crucial for achieving optimal functionality and efficiency within electronic systems.

Factors Affecting PCB Coil Inductance

The inductance of a PCB coil is primarily influenced by several key factors that must be taken into consideration during the design and selection process:

1.Coil Geometry:

The physical dimensions of the coil, including its length, width, and height, have a direct impact on its inductance. Generally, longer and wider coils tend to exhibit higher inductance values.

2.Number of Turns:

The number of turns in the coil is a critical factor that directly affects its inductance. Increasing the number of turns generally results in a higher inductance value.

3.Conductor Material and Dimensions:

The choice of conductor material and its cross-sectional area significantly impact the inductance of the coil. Conductors with higher conductivity and larger cross-sectional areas tend to exhibit lower inductance values.

4.Distance Between Conductors:

The spacing between adjacent turns of the coil also affects its inductance. Closer spacing between turns generally leads to higher inductance values.

In addition to these primary factors, there are several secondary factors that can influence the inductance of a PCB coil:

5.Core Material:

If a core material is used in the coil’s construction, its permeability characteristics play a crucial role in determining the coil’s inductance. Ferromagnetic core materials, such as iron or ferrite, can significantly increase the inductance of the coil.

6.Proximity to Other Magnetic Materials:

The presence of magnetic materials in close proximity to the coil can affect its inductance. These materials can alter the magnetic field distribution around the coil, thereby influencing its inductance.


The inductance of certain coils may exhibit variations with changes in temperature. It is important to consider temperature effects when designing for applications with wide temperature ranges.

8.Manufacturing Tolerances:

Variations in the manufacturing process can introduce slight variations in the inductance values of PCB coils. It is essential to account for these tolerances during the design stage.

When designing or selecting a PCB coil, it is crucial to consider each of these factors to ensure the desired inductance is achieved. Inductance calculators and simulation tools can be employed to accurately determine the inductance based on specific coil design parameters.

Typical Inductance Range for PCB Coils

The inductance range for PCB coils can vary depending on the specific design and intended application. However, typical ranges for different types of PCB coils are as follows:

1. Spiral Inductors: The inductance range for spiral inductors typically falls between 1 nanohenry (nH) and 100 microhenries (µH).

2. Solenoid Inductors: Solenoid inductors commonly have an inductance range of 1 microhenry (µH) to 100 millihenries (mH).

3. Toroidal Inductors: The inductance range for toroidal inductors typically spans from 1 microhenry (µH) to 100 millihenries (mH).

4. Planar Inductors: Planar inductors generally exhibit an inductance range of 1 nanohenry (nH) to 10 microhenries (µH).

It is important to note that these ranges are approximate and can vary significantly based on factors such as the number of turns, conductor material, core material (if used), and coil geometry. Coils with a higher number of turns or larger core materials tend to have higher inductance values.

It is crucial to consider the specific requirements of the application when selecting PCB coils. This includes the desired inductance value as well as factors such as the coil’s current carrying capacity, physical size limitations, and manufacturing tolerances.

To determine the precise inductance of a coil based on its design parameters, engineers can utilize inductance calculators and simulation tools. These tools assist in accurately estimating the inductance value and optimizing the coil design to meet the desired specifications.

Impact of PCB Coil Inductance on Circuit Performance

The inductance of PCB coils plays a significant role in determining the performance characteristics of electronic circuits. Several key effects arise due to the presence of inductance:


PCB coils, in conjunction with capacitors, can form resonant circuits that exhibit peak responses at specific frequencies. This property is utilized in applications such as tuned circuits and oscillators. However, if not properly controlled, resonance can lead to undesirable oscillations or signal distortion.

2.Impedance Matching:

PCB coils are employed to match the impedance of one circuit or component to another. This facilitates optimal power transfer and minimizes reflections. Impedance matching is crucial in applications such as RF circuits and antenna systems.


PCB coils, in conjunction with capacitors, can be utilized as filters to selectively block or pass specific frequency components. These combinations form LC filters, which effectively remove unwanted noise or interference from signals.

4.Energy Storage:

PCB coils store energy in their magnetic field when current flows through them. This stored energy can be subsequently released back into the circuit as required. PCB coils find application in power supplies and other systems where energy storage is essential.

5.Power Conversion:

PCB coils are integral components in power conversion circuits, such as switch-mode power supplies (SMPS). They store energy during one phase of the switching cycle and release it during another phase, thereby aiding in the regulation of the output voltage.

6.Transient Protection:

PCB coils can provide transient protection by limiting the rate of change of current in a circuit. This attribute helps safeguard sensitive components against voltage spikes and other transient events.

Practical Considerations for PCB Coil Design

In addition to the theoretical aspects of PCB coil design, several practical considerations must be addressed to ensure manufacturability, reliability, and optimal performance of the coils:

1. Current Carrying Capacity: The coil design should account for the expected current levels to prevent overheating or saturation. Factors such as conductor material, cross-sectional area, and effective thermal management must be considered to ensure the coil can handle the anticipated current without issues.

2. Physical Size Constraints: The size of the coil is constrained by the available space on the PCB. Designers often need to make trade-offs between achieving the desired inductance value and fitting within the allocated space. Compact coil designs can be achieved by optimizing the coil’s geometry and carefully selecting the appropriate materials.

3. Manufacturing Tolerances: Variations in the manufacturing process can lead to slight deviations in the inductance values of PCB coils. Designers should account for these tolerances to ensure the manufactured coils fall within the desired inductance range. Understanding the manufacturing limitations and working closely with manufacturers can help achieve consistent and reliable results.

4. Thermal Effects: Temperature variations can impact the inductance of the coil. This consideration is particularly important in applications where temperature stability is critical. Designers should select materials and construction techniques that can withstand the expected temperature range without significant changes in inductance.

5. Magnetic Interference: PCB coils generate magnetic fields that can interfere with nearby components. To minimize unwanted magnetic interference, proper shielding techniques or careful placement of the coil relative to other components should be employed. This helps maintain the integrity of the circuit and prevents unwanted coupling effects.

6. Cost and Manufacturability: The cost and manufacturability of the coil design should be taken into account. Factors such as material availability, fabrication complexity, and assembly processes can impact the overall cost and ease of manufacturing. Choosing readily available and cost-effective materials, as well as optimizing the design for efficient manufacturing processes, can help minimize production costs.

7. Testing and Validation: Thorough testing and validation are essential to ensure the coils meet the desired specifications. Inductance measurements, thermal testing, and performance evaluation should be conducted to verify that the coils perform as intended. This helps identify any design or manufacturing issues that may affect the functionality and reliability of the coils.

By carefully considering these practical considerations, engineers can design and implement PCB coils that meet the electrical, physical, and manufacturing requirements of their electronic circuits. This holistic approach ensures the successful integration of the coils into the overall system, resulting in reliable and high-performance operation.


The inductance range of PCB coils is a critical aspect of their design and performance in electronic circuits. By understanding the typical ranges for different types of coils and considering factors such as current carrying capacity, physical size constraints, manufacturing tolerances, thermal effects, magnetic interference, cost, and testing, engineers can effectively design and select PCB coils that meet the specific requirements of their applications. With this knowledge, they can optimize circuit performance, ensure reliability, and achieve successful integration of the coils into the overall system. By staying informed about advancements in coil technology and leveraging simulation tools, engineers can continue to push the boundaries of coil design and unlock innovative solutions in the field of electronics.

Call us to get a free quote now