PCB Laminate Material and Its Manufacturers
Please check out our list of suppliers of PCB laminate materials here. You can order these materials for the fabrication of your printed circuit boards from us. like glass fiber epoxy laminates, especially high performance laminates, and much more. Your laminate choice is determined by the application you are using it for. If you want to need us help choosing the right material, please reach out to the professional customer service representatives at JarnisTech.
If we’re out of supplies of a particular PCB materials We can purchase it for you. It could be a delay when it comes to the need for laminate. You can also bring the material to us. We charge only for the manufacturing costs. Nowadays, please contact us if you have any questions or concerns for PCB materials ASAP
PCB Laminate Partners
The following is laminate material partners have partnered together with JarnisTech to offer libraries of useful information that are searchable, sortable, and sortable on every parameter of a material you can imagine (listed in alphabetical order).
AGC-Nelco Corp. manufactures high-tech electronic and radio frequency/microwave circuits mostly for the telecommunications, and internet infrastructure, as well as enterprise and aerospace, and military markets. Manufacturing facilities are within Kansas, Singapore, France, Arizona, and California, together with R&D located in Arizona, Kansas and Singapore.
It offers a wide range of products, including laminates for home electronics, semiconductors, networking boards, and halogen-free CCLs. There are high-layer count, low-loss laminates in Doosan’s Z-planner library.
Isola‘s high-performance materials are utilized in a variety of electronic markets, including applications in networking, computers, communications equipment, as well as high-end consumer electronic products, and products specifically designed for the most advanced aerospace, automotive medical, military and other markets. Isola has eight manufacturing factories in Asia, Europe, and the United States in addition to three research centers.
ITEQ Corporation operates five manufacturing locations located in Taiwan, Southern China, and Eastern China. The range of products includes halogen-free materials, high-performance, low-loss lead-free materials, and rigid-flex materials.
Nan Ya Plastics (Taiwan)
Nan Ya is Taiwan and China’s only vertically-integrated manufacturer of PCB materials, including prepreg materials, laminates, solder masks, resins, yarns and fabrics, as well as full PCB fabrication and assembly.
Specialized in lead-free and halogen-free products, Nanya Plastics manufactures laminates to be used in industrial automation, automotive applications gaming IC materials, LCDs personal computers, mobile phones and routers, network switches as well as servers and tablets, and many other electronic devices.
Panasonic Electronic Materials is a leader in the field of copper-clad laminates, with a roadmap to high-speed, ultra-low-loss, and thermally sturdy substrates, including the well-known MEGTRON series.
Rogers Corporation (USA)
Rogers Corporation (USA) Rogers’ Advanced Electronics Solutions (AES) business provides advanced materials to address design challenges such as signal integrity radio Frequency (RF) control of signals and power efficiency power distribution, and thermal management to provide an improved system and device reliability. The solutions offered include high-frequency laminates, bondplys, cooling solutions, prepregs, busbars, and ceramic substrates.
Shengyi Technologies (China)
Shengyi Technologies (China) Shengyi Technology Co, Ltd. (SYTECH) is a world-class pioneer in the research and manufacturing of laminates. The company offers a broad range of products that span from composites to high-reliability thermal management HSD and RF/PTFE materials. The products of Shengyi are utilized in double-sided, single-sided, as well as multilayer circuit boards. the global customer base of the company includes a variety of industries, including mobile phones, automobiles telecom equipment, and other electrical devices.
Taiwan Union Technology Corporation ( TUC, Taiwan)
In order to provide superior quality, professional service, Taiwan Union Technology Corporation (TUC, Taiwan) collaborates with its customers and focuses on research, innovation, and development in the form of value-added products and high-end mass lamination services with a particular focus on the specific characteristics of its materials such as high speed and low loss, Compatible with lead-free and halogen-free products, with high CTE, low CTE, and superior thermal and chemical resistance, as well as rigid-flex applications. A number of international certifications have been awarded to TUC, including QC080000 IECQ-HSPM, Sony Green Partner, ISO 14001, TS16949, ISO 9001, and OHSAS 18001 certifications.
Ventec International (China)
Ventec creates, designs and manufactures, as well as sells grade copper-clad laminations as well as a prepreg bonding material to fabricate various printed circuit boards (PCB) uses. A world leader in copper-clad laminate and prepreg manufacturing, Ventec International Group (VIG) is based in Suzhou, PRC, and manufactures a variety of printed circuit boards (PCBs) top quality, high-performance copper-clad laminates as well as prepregs for a diverse variety of Printed Circuit boards (PCB) and related applications. Ventec has in-house R&D capabilities and collaborates with its customers to custom-create products that satisfy the specific requirements of their customers.
Teflon PCB (Dupont company in the USA) is a synthetic resin used to make non-sticky products. The material is made by polymerizing tetrafluoroethylene. Teflon PCB materials are able to withstand extreme temperatures. Therefore, high-frequency PCBs are commonly made with it.
It is characterized by properties like low dissipation cold resistance, low thermal expansion coefficient chemical resistance, as well as high heat. This PCB is designed by Teflon PCB manufacturers to provide outstanding advantages to users.
Established 1961 in 1961 by Lester T. Russell, an acknowledged inventor of the method that involves applying PTFE onto glass fibre fabrics. Taconic was the first to come up with an array of engineering composites to meet the needs of different markets. Taconic’s Advanced Dielectric Division was added to AGC in June 2019. Since its inception, 50 years ago, Taconic has been committed to meeting the international demand for high-performance PTFE composites as well as high-frequency materials.
It’s a type that is a printed circuit board that is manufactured with materials from Arlon LLC.
An array of different products and applications utilize Arlon PCB. This PCB designed for MED electronic components is part of Arlon LLC. It is made of laminates that possess particular electrical, thermal mechanical, and other features. The unique characteristics of this PCB go beyond the features that are standard for Fr4 materials.
The top types of raw materials are widely known names that are well-known in the printed circuit board (PCB) industry that ensure the constant quality of the products of JarnisTech. A greater focus has been placed on building long-lasting connections between the suppliers of raw materials along with JarnisTech to ensure the quality and reliability of the supply of raw materials.
PCB Material Categories
Normal Speeds and Normal Loss
They are the most commonly used PCB material–in the family of FR-4. The dielectric constant (Dk) against frequency response isn’t exactly smooth and they have more dielectric loss. They can be used for up to2GHz or more applications. One example can be found in Isola 370HR.
Medium Speed and Medium Loss
Materials that are medium-speed have the appearance of a flat Dk against frequency response curve and have an average dielectric loss of half of the regular speed material. They are ideal for up to 2GHz applications. Nelco N7000-2 HT is an example of this material.
Low Loss and High Speed
The materials have lower Dk and frequency response curves and have a very low loss of dielectric. They also produce less electrical noise when compared with other materials.
They are suitable for applications up to 20GHz. One example of this material is Isola I-Speed.
Highly High-speed and Extremely Minimal Loss (RF/microwave)
Materials designed for use in RF/microwave have the tiniest Dk in relation to frequency response, and the lowest dielectric loss. They can be used for up to 60GHz and up applications. A good example is Isola Tachyon 100G.
What Is PCB Laminates ?
Knowing the various kinds of laminates for printing circuit boards is essential for the development and design procedure your PCB maker will be through. The kind of laminate you pick will affect the quality and stability of your PCB.
The PCB’s laminate is the glue that holds the layers together. Typically it has four layers on this board: Substrate, Soldermask, Copper, and Silkscreen (from the bottom to the top). The laminates are developed by curing under pressure and temperature of cloth by using thermoset resins to form the final piece of uniform thickness.
If you notice a kind of laminate that is written out, it’s likely to appear like this The letters are”FR-4″ (with the FR-4 being the most commonly used material). These letters and numbers represent the features of the laminate that is produced. The most important attributes include the dielectric constant (DCE), loss factors shear strength, tensile strength and glass transition temperature and the extent to which thickness changes as the temperature (the Z-axis’s coefficient of expansion).
Types of PCB Laminate
The following list consists of different kinds of PCB laminates as well as the PCB materials that are required, starting with the most commonly used types. The name of a laminate is derived from the resin that is used.
What can make FR-4 the most popular laminate is the way it performs across all aspects. It has a high strength-to-weight ratio and is also flame-resistant, which increases its durability, and when there is an increase in temperature its electrical, mechanical, and physical properties remain the same.
It is recommended to use a high-performance laminate called FR-4 when working with multiple-layered PCBs. It offers high reliability due to its higher Tg and is more suitable for circuits that operate at high frequencies due to its dielectric properties that are low.
High Tg Epoxy
For PCBs with multiple layers, the High Tg Epoxy will be the most appropriate. Tg is the term used to describe temperature. Similar to the melting point, the Tg is the vitrification temperature. The higher the number, the more rigid it will become. A material that has the highest TG (over 170o C) offers better temperature, moisture, and chemical resistance in addition to greater stability.
The best choice for lead-free PCBs This BT Epoxy Laminate is renowned for its exceptional mechanical, thermal and electrical qualities. Multilayer PCBs commonly use this laminate. It can also keep the bond strength even at extreme high temperatures.
Polyimide (PI), Dupont
This type of laminate has extreme stability in the environment. The Polyimide laminate works with rigid-flex, high-density circuit boards as well as multilayer PCBs. It also provides extremely high levels of the chemical, thermal and mechanical qualities. A polyimide laminate is perfect for applications that require advanced technology, such as automotive, aerospace, military as well as consumer electronics.
Copper Clad (CCL)
Copper Clad Laminated is comprised of glass fibers or wood pulp paper to reinforce the material. It is typical to use CCL laminate to build high-voltage circuits that are based on certain aspects like appearance, size, electrical, and physical chemicals in addition to environmental quality.
Teflon, Rogers And Many More Special PCB Laminate
The most widely utilized material for high-frequency applications. Teflon materials are available in a variety of varieties. The easiest materials to utilize for manufacturing are Teflon with woven glass. There are a variety of challenges to making Teflon PCBs which can create issues when working in a traditional shop for boards.
Advanced Printed Circuit Board Laminate Materials
We partner with the top PCB laminate suppliers to offer you a wide selection of options for materials like enhanced epoxy laminates, ultra-low moisture materials such as high-frequency ceramic-filled materials, RoHS UL 94V-0 rated, compatible, and many more. The laminate you choose will be contingent on the concept and the application you are planning to use it for. If you require assistance in choosing the right laminated circuit board and you have any questions regarding pricing, lead times, or availability, please get in touch with us.
How to Choose PCB Laminates
When we discuss the PCBs in products, the discussion is bound to lead to a question–What PCB laminate materials do you employ? PCB laminate is a type of material that resembles a plate made by dipping electronic fiberglass or other reinforcing materials using resin and then coating with copper foil either on both sides and then hot laminating. The efficiency, cost, and durability of printed circuit boards are based on the type of PCB laminate chosen in large part.
So What Is Considered When Deciding on PCB Laminated ?
● The Glass Transition Temperature (Tg) is the temperature at which higher molecular weight substances change from their glassy state to the state of rubber and viscous. This is when the hard PCB laminate ceases to act at this temperature and begins to behave softer.
Tg isn’t the measurement of the working temperature that is the highest but rather the critical value. It is a crucial performance indicator for PCB laminates (Z-axis expansion is a crucial indicator to define the effect of Tg’s effect on the PCB laminate, and is an indicator of the reliability of plated through holes) for example, FR-4 materials are typically identified by various Tg values. The more Tg is higher is, the better the quality of the material.
The most common materials FR4 have Tgs at 130°C. (In PS Electronics the temperature can be 140°C ). One type of PCB laminate with a higher Tg of 250 or higher includes polyimides (PI).
● Thermal Decomposition Temperature (Td),This property varies greatly with the composition of materials, from a low of 300°C for many epoxy systems to over 400°C for some flexible PCB laminates.
● Dielectric Constant (Dk) and Loss Tangent (tanδ),the dielectric constant determines the speed at which an electrical signal will propagate. Higher dielectric constants will result in slower signal propagation. greater dielectric constants cause slower propagation speeds. Loss Tangent is an indicator of how much strength of a signal gets lost when it travels through a transmission line of the dielectric material.
To achieve high-speed transmission, high-frequency high-speed PCB boards need to employ laminates that have low Dk and tanδ, for instance, PTFE with very low Dk and tanδ. It is among the top applications that require high frequency.
● As a result of a change in temperature, matter changes its shape, area, and volume， which we call Thermal expansion. It’s a result of the durability of the material’s dimensions and influences the quality of soldering.
The majority of the time, FR-4 has a relatively good CTE (Coefficient of Thermal Expansion) between 14 and 17 ppm/C. However, it can increase dramatically when temperatures exceed its Tg value.
● The thermal conductivity (TC) of a material is its ability to conduct heat. It is often discussed in opposition to high-power devices like lighting equipment, and in that case, it is the most significant performance.
The PCB made of metal laminates, such as aluminum and copper have high thermal conductivity (m/wk).
● The “green” requirement is driven by market considerations and policies. RoHS compliance has become a consensus among electronics manufacturers across different countries and will be a future trend that should be considered when selecting PCB laminates.
A good example of this is one that is a non-halogen application meaning that PCB laminates don’t contain elements that are halogen, like bromine, chlorine, and so on. These elements are harmful to humans and to the environment. There is no definitive obligation that exists if you have relevant cases in your marketplace Please, make sure to prioritize this issue.
About Printed Circuit Boards Materials Classification
Presently, the most widely used dual-sided substance is called FR-4 as well as CEM-3 substrate. Both are fire-repellants (UV 94-V0). The FR4 material is a copper-clad material comprised of electronic grade, alkali-free glass fiber cloth embedded with brominated epoxy resin that is flame-retardant and copper foil on either or both sides along with hot-pressing.
The CEM-3 type of material is an electronic grade, alkali-free glass non-aromatic cloth that has brominated epoxy resin that is flame-retardant inside the middle layer. The insulation layer. One sheet has a flame-retardant brominated epoxy on both sides of the fabric. Copper foil is located on either or both sides of Resin electronic-grade, alkali-free glass fiber cloth, and then is formed by pressing hot to form the laminate with copper cladding.
PCB Material Types
● FR-1:phenolic substrate for paper Breakdown voltage 787V/mm Surface resistance and volume resistance less than the FR2.
● FR-2:phenolic substrate for paper Breakdown voltage 1300V/mm
● FR-3:The epoxy paper substrate is FR-3.
● FR-4: Epoxy glass fiberboard
● CEM-1: epoxy glass cloth-paper composite board
● CEM-3 Glass Matboard
● HDI boards HDI board: High-density Interconnect
Copper-clad Laminate is also known as substrate. The reinforcing material is soaked in resin, and one or both of the sides is covered in copper foil, and the board material is made by pressing hot, which is known as copper-clad laminate. It is the fundamental component that makes up PCB which is often referred to as the substrate. When it is utilized to make multilayer PCB board manufacturing it is known as “core.”
The Most Common Copper-clad Laminates Include
● The phenolic cotton paper is FR-1 The kind of substrate is sometimes known as bakelite (more affordable than FR-2)
● FR-2 Phenolic cotton paper
● FR-3: Cotton paper epoxy resin
● FR-4: Glass fiber cloth and epoxy resin
● FR-5: glass fiber fabric and epoxy resin
● FR-6: matte glass, polyester
● G-10 Glass fiber cloth epoxy resin
● CEM-1: cotton paper, epoxy resin (flame retardant)
● CEM-3: cotton paper, epoxy resin (non-flame retardant)
● CEM-4: glass cloth epoxy resin
● CEM-5: glass cloth polyester
● AIN: aluminum nitride
● SIC: silicon carbide
Presently, the copper-clad laminates that are available on the market are classified as follows by base material:
● Paper substrate
● The glass fiber fabric substrate
● Fiber cloth made of synthetic fiber
● Non-woven substrate
● Composite substrate
Copper-clad laminate is a term used to describe substrates like paper and fiberglass cloth that are coated with resin to form bond sheets (adhesive tape and paper). After the bonding sheets are combined each side is covered by copper foil. The foil is then dried by heating and pressure to form the product into a plate.
Shielding board material is copper-clad laminate, which has an outer shielding layer or a patterned circuit within the layer that is inside. If the circuits on both sides are processed, they will become the multilayer board. This is also referred to as”a “copper clad laminate with a shielding layer.”
Multilayer materials are laminates with copper-clad and adhesive sheets (adhesive cloth) employed to construct Multilayer Circuit Boards. In recent times, these have been expanded to include copper foil that is grease-coated (RCC) and used for the production of multi-layer laminates. The term “multi-layer board” refers to a board for circuits having two layers of circuits that are patterned on both sides as well as the inside.
Special substrates are the laminates and steel cores, as well as other types of special substrates. utilized in the additive process that isn’t part of the types mentioned above of plates that are special.
Metal core substrates also comprise resin-coated substrates (FBC etc.) Other examples are:
● Aluminium core substrates for base.
● Copper core base substrate.
● Base substrate for ceramic core.
● The glass base material.
Basic Knowledge of PCB Materials
Copper-clad Laminate Is Also Called PCB Substrate
● A plate-shaped substance created from filling reinforcing materials (glass fiber cloth often referred to as glass fiber) using resin (PP sheet) that is covered on the entire surface with copper foil and hot pressing, referred to as a pressure plate with a copper-clad layer (Copper Clad Laminates [CCL(also known as copper-clad laminates, [CCL]).
● The primary PCB material is commonly referred to as the board.
● When it is employed in the manufacturing of multiple-layer boards it’s often referred to as”core board” (or the core).
Copper foil thickness is expressed in pounds (ounces) which is a unit of mass. is the standard unit for mass. The thickness of the copper foil is described in terms of “thickness” by mass. In general, copper foil thickness is measured in ounces, 1oz copper foil. One ounce of copper should be spread evenly over one square foot. The size of copper foils is known as 1oz copper thickness. its thickness is precisely 1.37mil (about 1.4mil).
The copper foil has a standard thickness of 12μm (1/3oz), 18μm (Hoz), 35μm (1oz), and 70μm (2oz).
Prepreg Principle As a Process (Prepreg or PP)
It is a sheet material that is made using treated fibers of glass filled with glue followed by heat treatment (pre-baking) to let the resin go through in stage B. The basic principle of this pressure plate is that it uses the leftovers from the B-stage to convert the C-stage process to connect the different circuit layers together into one.
Performance Indicators Common to All Substrates for Substrates
DK: It is the dielectric constant of the material. Only through reducing DK can a signal with a fast propagation speed be realized.
Df: Material’s dielectric loss angle. the smaller this angle the smaller the signal propagation loss.
Be aware that DK is mostly connected to the impedance of the signal network. It is also connected to the capacitance of the plates. Df is mostly connected to the depletion of signal networks. Among the factors affecting DK are:
● Resin (DK of epoxy resin is 3~4);
● Fiberglass cloth (DK between 6 ~7);
● Resin content (RC value).
Tg glass transition temperature has the most influence on the vias. Glass transition temperatures are the primary characteristic of the polymer. It is the term used to describe the transition of the resin that changes from hard (glassy) and the soft (rubbery). this is the temperature at which the shape changes.
Presently, the Tg of the FR-4 board is usually 130-140. However, when it comes to the production of the printed board, you will encounter a variety of issues that go beyond the range and could have a significant influence on the process effect and final quality of the finished product. So the increase in Tg is the primary way to increase the heat resistance of the FR-4. Its Tg definition is like this.
● Normal Tg sheets: 130-140℃.
● Medium Tg sheet: 140~150℃.
● High Tg board: higher than 170degC (PCB boards that have greater than 8 layers are required to be used with High Tg board).
Let JarnisTech Take Care of Your PCB Material Selection and PCB Manufacturing Demands
One of the top worldwide providers of bare board fabrication PCB assembly, and component outsourcing products, JarnisTech specializes in customizing the most efficient PCB solutions to customers, based on cost and reliability. In order to reach an agreement on the choice of substrate materials and PCB manufacturing our engineers consider every aspect into consideration such as the purpose and the environment for PCBs in the budget of your project and requirements for performance. To date, we’ve completed several hundred thousand PCB designs using FR4 PCBs Rogers PCBs as well as Flex/Flex rigid PCBs Metal Core PCBs and more. We have a 99% customer satisfaction rate. We guarantee that JarnisTech will find the ideal PCB substrate for your project, and then fabricates your circuit boards with the highest quality they deserve!
Do you want to know how much your PCB production costs? If you’re looking for PCBs with specific substrate materials, like Flex PCBs, Rogers PCBs, Aluminum-based PCBs, etc. If you would like to receive a quote by email, please submit a quote request here;