JarnisTech Offers the Most Competitive Prices for Flexible PCB Manufacturing
The Definition of Flexible PCB
Flexible PCB-Flexible circuit is also known as an FPC board or flex PCB. Conductor circuit patterns of flex PCBs are made using light pattern exposure transfer and etching on a flexible substrate surface. In double-sided and multilayer boards, the surface and inner layers are connected electrically via holes made of metal in the conductor circuit patterns. The circuit’s surface design is shielded and protected by the PI and glue layers.
Flexible PCBs are primarily broken down into single-sided flex PCB, Single-Sided Flex Circuits with Dual access, Aluminum Flexible Circuits, Flexible PCB microcircuits, HDI Flexible Circuits, Ultra-thin flexible printed circuit boards, double-sided Flex PCB, 4-layer flexible PCB, and various other multi-layer flexible boards and rigid-flexible PCB board.
It is clear that flexible PCBs don’t have to be only limited to single-sided designs. They can also be double-sided. JarnisTech can make double-sided as well as multi-layered flexible PCBs that can be used for more complicated layouts, supplying the user with a greater variety of connection options in comparison to conventional FR4 circuit boards. Contact us for our Customer Service team about what type of design is the most to suit your specific needs.
In short, the term “flexible PCB” refers to an elastic base material to create its circuit connectors. There are nine primary types of flex circuits with single- and multi-layer, double-sided options, which can also incorporate more robust designs. The strength and durability of flexible PCBs as well in the shrinking size of electronic components have led to their acceptance by a variety of industries, such as LED medical power systems, LEDs and many more.
Flexible PCB Manufacturing Process
Flexible circuit boards are made from polyimide or polyester films, and they have highly reliable. It is also known as a soft board or FPC. It features high wiring density and is lightweight and thin in thickness.
Treatment for Pre-production
It is essential to have a complete and qualified production process for making high-quality flex PCBs. From the pre-processing stage before production until the final delivery, each step must be strictly followed when producing to avoid short and open circuits from leading to low yields or to reduce the risk of excess Flex PCB scrap and replenishment issues with the process such as drilling, calendering, or cutting, and to determine the best materials to ensure that customers get the most effective effect of flexible circuit boards. It is essential to treat the board before production.
Prior to Production, During Pre-processing Three Aspects Must Be Processed and Finished by Engineers.
● The first one is a flexibility PCB’s engineering evaluation, primarily to determine whether the customer’s flexible PCB can be made.
● The engineers will examine the production capacity of the company to determine whether it is able to satisfy the customer’s technical and price requirements. If the engineering review is approved the test, then the preparation of materials will be initiated immediately to ensure that the materials are ready for the requirements of the production procedure.
● In the end, the engineer will process the customer’s drawings, Gerber data, and other engineering documents to meet the manufacturing environment and requirements of the equipment. The normal production process continues by the delegation of production drawings and MI ( engineering process card) to the department of production, purchasing, document control, and other departments.
Manufacturing Process of Double-sided Flex PCB
Manufacturing Process of Single-sided Flex PCB
Processing Characteristics of FlexPCB
Surface treatments: Immersion Gold ,Immersion silver, OSP, plating Gold, HASL/LF etc.
Profile: Manual, CNC (numerical control machine) cutting, laser cutting
Substrate Copper Thickness:1/3OZ, 1/2OZ, 1OZ,2OZ and 4OZ, and more.
The properties of the materials used in the circuit boards that are flexible are suited to numerous applications. In order to reduce the size and attain an acceptable level of precision, The characteristics of the three-dimensional area and the thin thickness can be used in digital products, including mobile phones and notebook computers. The device used for Flexible Circuit Board (FPC) tests can be described as optical imaging measuring instrument.
Why Should You Choose Us ?
At JarnisTech, We specialize in the design and manufacture of PCBs that are flexible that are used in the manufacture of medical devices and various kinds of industrial and telecommunication equipment.With our PCB manufacturing capabilities, we can design and manufacture a high-performance, flexible PCB board that will meet your specific business needs. Also, we are able to assist you with the design of a custom-built flex PCB prototype that can increase your chances of success for your Project. To learn more about our capabilities, look at the following form:
|Quality Grade||Standard IPC 2|
|Number Of Layers||1-12Layers|
|Order Quantity||1pc – 10000+pcs|
|Build Time||2Days – 5Weeks|
|Material||DuPont PI, Domestic Shengyi PI Etc.|
|Copper Weight (Finished)||1/3OZ-4OZ|
|Solder Mask Sides||As per the file|
|Solder Mask Color||Green, White, Blue, Black, Red, Yellow|
|Solder-stop coating—Coverlay||PI and PET film|
|Silkscreen Sides||As per the file|
|HASL – Hot air solder leveling|
|Lead – free HASL – RoHS|
|ENIG – RoHS|
|Immersion Tin – RoHS|
|OSP – RoHS|
|Min Annular Ring||4mil|
|Min Drilling Hole Diameter||8mil|
|Min. hole size—Drilling (PTH)||0.2mil|
|Min. hole size—Punching (NPTH)||0.5mil|
|Tolerance of dimension||±0.05mm|
|Other Techniques||Peelable solder mask|
|Stiffener (only for PI/FR4 substrate)|
All of Our Circuit Boards Are IP-certified
IPC 6013 Type 1: A single-sided model like this one is flexible and can be bent multiple times. It’s extremely affordable and can be used with any budget.
IPC 6013 Type 2: Double-sided circuit is more flexible than type 1. Double-sided circuits also help to save space.
IPC 6013 Type 3: This model has multiple layers and permits a less bulky style than the two models previously mentioned. It also provides greater flexibility, making it suitable for 3D applications.
IPC 6013 Type 4: The model with a rigid-flex structure has a stable base for stiffeners, components and many more. It is ideal for 3D structures as well. It provides the advantages of improved signal integrity, increased reliability, and greater noise reduction. It is extremely light and occupies a small space. Additionally, it gives engineers more creative freedom when designing.
Materials for Flex printed Circuit Board
For flexible circuit boards, we typically use three materials:
● The flexible PCB Stiffener
● Flex cores -these constitute the basis for the circuit.
● Flexible Adhesives- forms a bond between a variety of materials.
● Coverlays-These are a protective cover over the circuit that is external to.
● Copper film -For conducting electricity, copper film forms circuit board patterns.
The stiffener is the specific substance used for FPC. It is utilized in a specific area of the product in order to boost the strength of the support and to increase FPC’s “soft” characteristics of FPC.
At present, the Most Widely Reinforced Materials Include:
The Steel Sheet Is A Stiffener: The material is made of steel, with high toughness and strength for support.
PI Stiffener: Similar to the cover film, consisting of release paper and PI. The PI layer is much thicker and can be made from 2 to 9 MIL.
Certain flex circuits might require stiffeners. These are typically used as supports for connectors and components. To connect the circuit to the enclosure’s wall, we utilize PSA, a double-sided pressure-sensitive adhesive. For applications that require EMI, we have shielding films that completely cover the entire flex circuit.
For any of the mentioned materials, We offer a variety of options with the highest operating temperature capability. All of our standard flex products are able to withstand temperatures of -40°C up to 85°C.there are no special materials or construction-related considerations. For temperatures greater than 85°C, the construction and the materials used for circuits that flex, should be distinct.
Materials of Flex Cores
We employ flex cores in two forms of construction. The difference lies in the method of attaching the copper film to the polyimide core. The standard flex-core material uses a layer adhesive to bond copper film to its polyimide core.
As for the other type, the manufacturer binds polyimide directly to the copper film without applying any adhesive, giving the flex core its adhesiveness. For applications that require temperature resistance above 85°C, we use the adhesiveness flex core, while regular polyimide cores can withstand temperatures up to 400°C.
Materials for Coverlays
Additionally, coverlays are a layer polyimide adhered to external flex circuits with flexible adhesives. The application of heat and pressure will bond the adhesive and the coverlay onto the circuit. Typically, the adhesive serves two purposes: it connects the coverlay to the outside of the circuit. Additionally, it also helps to encapsulate the circuit. We use three types of adhesives suitable for three temperature ranges.
Materials for Stiffeners
We utilize a variety of stiffeners made from different kinds of materials- aluminum stainless steel, FR4, and polyimide. To attach stiffeners, we use the same adhesive that we use for coverlays. Sometimes, we use PSAs to secure the stiffeners.
In the stiffeners’ materials, FR4 has the lowest temperature-withstanding capacity. Other stiffener materials, including metal and polyimide, have much higher temperature-withstanding capacity.
Material for PSAS
Many suppliers provide a variety of PSAs. We usually employ PSA materials made through TESA along with 3M. Before choosing to use one particular type of PSA We review its capabilities to meet the requirements of temperature and adhesion.
Many PSAs can withstand high operating temperatures, and their adhesion strength depends on temperature. And the PSA is not subject to high force, adhesion power that is present in the PSA is not of major issue.
Materials for Shielding
We utilize a variety of shielding materials based on the purpose. We offer to shield have copper layers or other specific shielding materials. A copper shield can be made from films, solid copper, or cross-hatched. As the copper shielding have a good highest temperature withstanding capability. Thus, there are few shielding materials that can withstand temperatures as high as copper shielding.
However, shielding with copper can make the flex circuit dramatically as well as cause a significant decrease in flexibility and bending capabilities. Costs also increase when copper is added to the shielding.
The shielding materials that are made of films offer the benefit of cost-effectiveness and not affecting the flexibility and bending ability as copper shields can. However, their temperature-withstanding capabilities are limited to only 125°C continuous usages.
The typical way to use a lamination technique is to attach the EMI shield onto the top layer, just like we would for coverlays. This adhesive that we employ to connect the shielding servers serves two main functions. It affixes the film to the flex circuit and also connects electrically to connect the EMI shield and ground network of the flexible circuit.
When operating temperatures exceed the specified limit for the adhesive, the electrical resistance of the contact increases, which compromises the shield’s effectiveness.
Materials for Flexible Adhesives
There are three areas in which we can use flexible adhesives:
● Attaching Stiffeners.
● Attaching Coverlays.
● Layer-to-layer lamination.
The Most Common Type of Adhesives That Are Flexible To Various Temperatures:
● Polyimide-based Adhesives: Suitable for temperatures up to +220 °C.
● Epoxy-based Adhesives: Suitable for temperatures ranging from +130 °C up to +140 °C.
● Acrylic-based adhesives: Suitable for temperatures that range from -40°C to +85 °C.
A wide range of adhesives can be used for flex circuits. The acrylic-based adhesives are used for general-purpose flex circuits, the epoxy-based adhesives are used for medical applications, such as autoclaving, and the polyimide-based adhesives are best suited for hightemperature applications.
We know that can be to laminate acrylic and epoxy-based adhesives in the 180 °C to 200 °C range. But, In contrast to acrylic- and epoxy-based adhesives that can be laminated at temperatures between 180 and 200 °C, polyimide-based adhesives require very high temperatures, usually between 300 and 315 °C. Of the three kinds of adhesives we use, the ones made of polyimide can withstand the most extreme temperatures, however, they’re also more expensive when compared to the two other types.
JarnisTech is a specialist in the field of flex circuits, and we manufacture high-quality boards that can operate at high temperatures. If you’re looking for applications for flexible circuits that need to operate continuously in high temperatures contact us and we’ll manufacture a flexible circuit that meets your requirements for operating temperatures.
Different of Flexible Circuit Board and Rigid Boards
Material: Rigid PCB boards are generally made from F4 (glass-epoxy compounds) as flexible circuit boards are constructed from polyimide. There are instances where rigid circuit boards are constructed with polyimide but it’s not as prevalent.
Coverlay: The Flex PCBs either have a flexible mask, or coverlay, while rigid boards usually utilize a soldering mask. When using a coverlay, the openings just need to be laser cut or routed. Then, an adhesive (typically 2 or 1 mils thick) can be used to stick this coverlay flexible.
Stiffeners: Flexible printed circuit boards usually employ FR4 as well as polyimide stiffeners to stiffen certain areas that aren’t flexing. Stiffeners can be coated to the flex, or adhered to it using the use of a PSA (pressure-sensitive adhesive). Rigid boards do not need stiffeners.
Permittivity: There’s a wide spectrum of permittivity relative (dielectric constants) for rigid materials however flexible polyimide is generally 3.4.
Benefits of Flex PCB
There are a lot of remarkable benefits to making use of flexible PCBs. Some of the benefits of flexible PCBs are the following:
Reduced Weight and Space: Most of the advantages of flexible PCBs stem from their lightweight and volume. In fact, the use of a flexible PCB in place rather than a rigid PCB could result in a space reduction of up to 50 % and the weight reduction of 95 percent, all while keeping the functionality and quality that the circuit.
Long-term Durability: As a result of the PCB’s flexibility, reduced weight, and reduce number of interconnects, flex circuit boards are able to handle changes in external forces and are more shock and vibration resistant.
Signal Integrity: Flexible PCBs function in diverse environments, meaning that the signals will function well despite the outside conditions. This helps improve the signal quality of the PCB.
Higher Density: As a result of thin flex layers and smaller components, the mean that flexible PCBs can support higher circuit densities.
Minimized Errors: With the elimination of mechanical connectors and the reduction in variations in assembly techniques Flexible PCBs experience reduced wiring errors.
Low Cost: Because of fewer assembly steps required in making flexible PCBs They are quite affordable.
Heat Dissipation: Due to the flexible PCB’s thinness, flex PCBs offer a greater surface-to-volume ratio, allowing for better heat dissipation.
What Are the Benefits of JarnisTech in Flexible PCBs ?
The World’s Most Renowned Flex PCB Manufacturing Equipment: At Jarnistech, we have a wide range of world-class production equipment for Flex PCB fabrication that including Burkle laminate machines, HITACHI/HANS drill equipment, Command plating lines, PTH Lines and etc.
Offer Various Kinds of FPC: For example, single-sided flexible PCB, Double-sided flexible PCB, COB FPC(Roll to Roll FPC), Multilayer flexible PCBs, rigid-flex PCBs and various other types of FPC.
Experts and Experienced Team: We have been deeply involved in Flexible PCBs manufacturing for over 20 years. We are now an industry leader in Flexible PCBs manufacturing. We are supported by a skilled team of experts who are able to offer our customers reliable and high-quality Flexible PCBs.
Quick Delivery: In order to reduce the delivery time, all of it is produced in one place using modern equipment. From raw materials copper plating, FPC production through final treatment of the surface OSP LF-HASL and Tin plating and so on. All of it is completed at our facility.
Great supply chain management for procurement We have reduced the cost of our PCB substrate which is flexible and costs for polyimide films by centralizing procurement and large-scale procurement.
Flex PCB Applications
A flex PCB is essentially identical to a non-flex PCB, except that the flexible PCB has a flexible base material for the circuit connection. This is particularly useful in products that will never be static devices. As flexible PCBs’ durability and size, as well as shrinking electronics’ sizes, a growing number of industries are adopting them. Some of these applications and industries include
Automotive: Since Automotive manufacturers are increasingly turning to electronic components, so circuits that can handle the vibrations and stresses inside the vehicle are more critical than ever. A flexible printed circuit board can be a valuable solution for the industry, providing a cost-effective yet durable option.
Consumer Electronics: Flexible PCBs are commonly employed in small electronic gadgets like tablets, cellphones and cameras, video recorders and other small gadgets available today. They can be carried or handled frequently, which makes the PCB’s flexibility to vibration and shock an important feature.
Industrial: Industrial electronics typically have to deal with huge amounts of stress and vibration therefore flexible PCBs equipped with anti-vibration and shock absorption capabilities are essential.
LED Industry: LED lighting is very popular nowadays, in both residential and commercial settings. It is because of LED technology’s remarkable power efficiency. Heat is usually the primary issue, but it can be mitigated by a flexible printed circuit board and its effective heat transfer properties.
Medical Systems: Electronic designs that are small and compact have become more crucial in the medical field and handheld surgical technology and electronic implants also increasing in popularity. Flexible PCBs are used in both instances, satisfying the requirements for durability and size of the surgical equipment and the flexibility required for implants.
Power Electronics: Additionally, flexible printed circuit boards have the advantage of being able to be combined with flexible, thin copper layers, which means they can take on higher power currents. This is particularly important for devices that require greater power to function at their maximum capacities, like those in the industry of power electronics.
Flexible printed circuit boards are able to solve the majority of issues that engineers face today. If you are now looking for a reliable circuit board manufacturer, it’s time to talk to us about flex PCBs. In addition, If you require one-sided flex boards and multi-layer boards, we will ensure that provide the highest quality of flexible PCB board for you.
Contact Us for a Custom Quote or Get More Information
To inquire about a Flex PCB prices request, please send us your quote request via the button below for us to receive your design files (Gerber format preferred preorder checklist) and your needs, we’ll provide the price for flexible PCBs on time. If you’d prefer to talk with us prior to placing an order, we are only one email or phone call away.
Specifications of Flexible PCB
It is important to consider certain specifications when designing a flexible circuit. These specifications will help the designer of the flexible PCB in determining what should be included.
The Number of Layers
Flexible circuits come in various kinds. This is the reason choosing the right type for your requirements is crucial. The different types of circuit boards are made up of different layers. Based on your requirements your number of layers can be one, two, or even more.
It comes in different forms. There is no particular surface finish for specific applications. In this way, you’re offered the option of choosing among the various surface finishes that are offered by the industry. Such as Gold, Immersion Tin, Immersion Silver, Hot Air Solder Level, Organic Coating OSP, Electrolytic tin plating, and many others.
It is also known by the name of solder stop or solder resist. They come in various varieties. It’s essential to choose what solder mask kind you require and the location you’d like to use it or where you’ll need it.
It can be placed either on the two sides of the flexible PCB or only on just one side. The type of flex PCB FPC will also provide guidance on the best place for the solder mask to be located.
The weight of the copper will be determined based on the project’s requirements, and this is important. Note that the flexibility may be compromised by copper’s weight. Thus, be sure that you do not compromise the design’s flexibility.
The design’s function is affected by spacing in a significant way. If the spacing is too small, the function could be compromised which could cause the entire circuit to be short-circuited. It is important to make the specs of the device you are using as broad as you can. Therefore, You can make your device perform better by making it more expansive.
It is recommended that the holes be tighter to avoid issues with drilling. This will ensure the mounted components on the substrate are tighter when the circuit flexes.
Your design needs to go through this procedure. Tests of quality determine the quality of your design and how it will perform.
This will ensure that the design meets the quality standards established by different organizations. The main quality standards the design must meet are ISO and RoHS.
Now, we’re confident that your knowledge regarding flex circuits will be top-notch. You can now design your own circuits with the help of your supplier. So, please contact us as soon as possible from today! You will get a free quote and good service for your Flex PCB Project.