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Jarnistech > ITEQ PCB > ITEQ IT-168G1
ITEQ IT-168G1 High Speed PCB

The demand for high-speed printed circuit boards (PCBs) has been steadily increasing with the rapid advancement of electronic devices. To meet these requirements, PCB engineers are constantly seeking advanced substrates that can support efficient signal transmission and ensure reliable performance. In this article, we explore the remarkable features and benefits of ITEQ IT-168G1 high-speed PCB substrates, which have emerged as a leading solution in the industry.

From low Dk and Df to middle Tg and thermal reliability, we delve into the key characteristics that make ITEQ IT-168G1 an ideal choice for high-speed applications. Additionally, we discuss its compatibility with lead-free assembly, friendly processing, CAF resistance, and suitability for HDI processes. Join us as we uncover the significant role played by ITEQ IT-168G1 in advancing high-speed PCB technology.

Importance of High Speed PCB Substrates

High-speed PCB substrates play a crucial role in the performance and reliability of electronic devices, particularly those operating at high frequencies. Here are some reasons why high-speed PCB substrates are important:

1.Signal Integrity:

High-speed electronic devices require precise signal transmission without significant losses or distortions. PCB substrates with low dielectric constant (Dk) and low dissipation factor (Df) help maintain the integrity of high-frequency signals by minimizing signal attenuation, reflections, and skew. This ensures that the signals reach their destinations accurately and without degradation, resulting in improved overall system performance.

2.Impedance Control:

High-speed signals are highly sensitive to impedance variations along the transmission paths. PCB substrates with controlled impedance characteristics provide consistent and predictable impedance values, enabling impedance matching between the signal source, transmission lines, and load. Maintaining proper impedance helps in reducing signal reflections, minimizing signal degradation, and preventing data errors or signal integrity issues.

3.Crosstalk Reduction:

Crosstalk occurs when signals on adjacent traces interfere with each other, leading to signal distortion and data errors. High-speed PCB substrates with low crosstalk properties help minimize the coupling between adjacent traces, reducing the chances of signal interference and improving signal integrity.

4.Reduced Electromagnetic Interference (EMI):

High-speed signals can emit electromagnetic radiation, which can interfere with other nearby electronic components or systems. PCB substrates with good EMI shielding properties help contain the electromagnetic emissions and reduce the potential for interference. This is particularly important in applications where electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) compliance are critical.

5.Thermal Management:

High-speed electronic devices generate heat due to increased power consumption and switching activities. Efficient thermal management is necessary to prevent overheating and ensure the proper functioning and reliability of the components. High-speed PCB substrates with good thermal conductivity properties help dissipate heat effectively, reducing the risk of thermal issues and maintaining stable operating temperatures.

6.Miniaturization and High-Density Designs:

High-speed electronic devices often require compact and densely packed designs to accommodate numerous components and achieve optimal performance. PCB substrates with advanced material properties, such as low-loss laminates and thin dielectric layers, enable miniaturization and support high-density interconnect (HDI) technologies, allowing for smaller, lighter, and more efficient electronic devices.

What is ITEQ IT-168G1?

ITEQ IT-168G1 is High Speed, Multifunctional Epoxy, Laminate & Prepreg

The ITEQ IT-168G1 is a cutting-edge, high-speed, multifunctional epoxy, laminate, and prepreg material. This advanced product offers exceptional performance and versatility, making it an ideal choice for professional PCB manufacturers. With its superior properties and capabilities, the ITEQ IT-168G1 empowers manufacturers to achieve high-speed circuitry, while ensuring reliability and durability. This state-of-the-art material is designed to meet the demanding requirements of modern electronic applications, providing a robust foundation for the production of high-quality printed circuit boards.

Features of ITEQ IT-168G1 PCB Substrate

ITEQ IT-168G1 is a PCB (Printed Circuit Board) substrate that offers several key features and characteristics suitable for various electronic applications, particularly those requiring high-density interconnect (HDI) processes. Here are the notable features of ITEQ IT-168G1:

1. Low Dk and Low Df: Dk (Dielectric constant) and Df (Dissipation factor) are important parameters for PCB substrates. IT-168G1 provides low values for both Dk and Df, which means it exhibits excellent signal integrity and minimal signal loss, making it suitable for high-frequency applications.

2. Middle Tg and High Thermal Reliability: Tg (Glass Transition Temperature) is the temperature at which the PCB substrate transitions from a rigid state to a more flexible state. IT-168G1 has a moderate Tg value, ensuring reliable performance under normal operating conditions. Additionally, it has high thermal reliability, which means it can withstand elevated temperatures without significant degradation.

3. Lead-Free Assembly Compatible: With the increasing regulations and environmental concerns, lead-free assembly processes have become prevalent in the electronics industry. ITEQ IT-168G1 is compatible with lead-free assembly methods, making it suitable for manufacturing environmentally friendly electronic products.

4. Friendly Processing: IT-168G1 offers excellent processability, making it easy to work with during PCB manufacturing processes. It can be easily drilled, plated, etched, and assembled, leading to improved manufacturing efficiency and reduced production costs.

5. CAF Resistance: CAF (Conductive Anodic Filament) is a common failure mechanism that occurs when an electrically conductive filament forms between adjacent copper traces. IT-168G1 exhibits resistance to CAF, ensuring the reliability and longevity of the PCB.

6. HDI Process Applications: High-Density Interconnect (HDI) processes involve intricate designs with multiple layers and miniaturized components. ITEQ IT-168G1 is specifically designed to meet the requirements of HDI applications, providing the necessary characteristics for fine-pitch traces, microvias, and high component density.

Overall, ITEQ IT-168G1 offers a combination of low Dk and Df, middle Tg, high thermal reliability, lead-free compatibility, friendly processing, and CAF resistance, making it a suitable choice for PCB applications that require high performance, reliability, and advanced manufacturing processes such as HDI.

Limitations and Challenges for Using ITEQ IT-168G1 in PCB Fabrication

While ITEQ IT-168G1 offers many desirable features for PCB fabrication, there may be some limitations and challenges associated with its use. Here are a few potential considerations:


High-performance PCB substrates, such as ITEQ IT-168G1, often come at a higher cost compared to standard substrates. The cost of the material itself, as well as any additional processing steps or specialized equipment required for working with the substrate, may increase the overall manufacturing expenses.


The availability of ITEQ IT-168G1 or similar high-speed PCB substrates may vary depending on the region or supplier. It’s important to ensure a reliable and consistent supply of the substrate to meet production demands.

3.Manufacturing Compatibility:

While ITEQ IT-168G1 is designed for friendly processing, certain manufacturing processes, such as drilling, plating, and etching, may require adjustments or optimization to ensure compatibility with the substrate’s properties. Manufacturers may need to fine-tune their processes or work closely with the substrate supplier to achieve optimal results.

4.Material Handling:

High-speed PCB substrates are often more delicate and sensitive to handling compared to standard substrates. Extra care must be taken during transportation, storage, and assembly to prevent damage or contamination that could affect the substrate’s performance or reliability.

5.Design Considerations:

When using ITEQ IT-168G1, designers need to consider the substrate’s specific characteristics, such as its low Dk and Df values, controlled impedance requirements, and thermal properties. Proper design techniques, such as controlled impedance routing, thermal vias, and signal integrity analysis, may be necessary to fully leverage the benefits of the substrate and avoid potential design issues.

6.Environmental Impact:

While ITEQ IT-168G1 is lead-free assembly compatible, it’s essential to consider the environmental impact of the substrate’s materials and manufacturing processes. Proper waste management and adherence to environmental regulations are necessary to minimize any negative impact on the environment.

Design Guidelines for ITEQ IT-168G1 PCB Substrates

When working with ITEQ IT-168G1 high-speed PCB substrates, it is crucial to follow proper design guidelines to ensure optimal performance and reliability. The design guidelines outlined below will help PCB engineers achieve the desired results when utilizing ITEQ IT-168G1 in their designs.

1. Stackup Design Considerations:

●Determine the required number of layers based on the complexity of the design and signal density.

●Follow a controlled impedance stackup design to maintain signal integrity.

●Place high-speed signal layers close to each other to minimize signal propagation delays.

●Separate power and ground planes to minimize noise and ensure proper power distribution.

2. Impedance Control and Signal Integrity:

●Calculate and maintain controlled impedance for high-speed signals.

●Use appropriate trace widths and spacing to achieve the desired impedance values.

●Minimize the use of vias in high-speed signal paths to avoid signal degradation.

●Employ proper termination techniques, such as series or parallel terminations, to minimize reflections.

3. Power and Ground Plane Design:

●Include dedicated power and ground planes to ensure low impedance paths and efficient power distribution.

●Implement a solid ground plane beneath high-speed signal layers to provide a reference for signal return currents.

●Utilize multiple ground vias to connect the ground plane to the PCB’s bottom layer.

●Place decoupling capacitors strategically near high-speed ICs to suppress noise and provide stable power.

4. Thermal Management Techniques:

●Consider thermal management early in the design stage to prevent overheating issues.

●Use thermal vias to dissipate heat from hotspots on the PCB.

●Optimize component placement to allow for efficient heat dissipation.

●Incorporate thermal relief pads for components connected to copper planes to prevent soldering issues.

5. Routing and Layout Best Practices:

●Minimize the trace length to reduce signal propagation delays.

●Use differential pairs for high-speed signals to enhance noise immunity.

●Maintain adequate spacing between high-speed traces to minimize crosstalk.

●Avoid right-angle bends and use gradual curves to reduce signal reflections.

It is important to note that these guidelines are specific to ITEQ IT-168G1 PCB substrates and may vary depending on the specific design requirements.

Which Types Circuit Board and Industries Need ITEQ IT-168G1 Substrates?

ITEQ IT-168G1 substrates are specifically designed for high-speed circuit board applications that require excellent signal integrity and performance. These substrates are particularly suitable for the following types of circuit boards:

Circuit Board:

1. High-Speed Digital PCBs:

PCBs used in high-speed digital systems such as computer motherboards, servers, and data communication equipment.

Applications involving high-speed data transfer, including high-frequency memory modules, network switches, and routers.

2. RF and Microwave PCBs:

Circuit boards used in RF (Radio Frequency) and microwave applications, such as wireless communication systems, satellite communication equipment, and radar systems.

PCBs requiring low loss and high-frequency performance, where signal integrity and minimal signal distortion are critical.

3. High-Frequency Analog PCBs:

PCBs used in high-frequency analog systems, such as high-frequency test equipment, oscilloscopes, and signal generators.

Applications involving precise signal transmission, low noise, and high-frequency response.


4. Automotive Electronics:

PCBs used in automotive applications that require high-speed data communication, such as advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS), infotainment systems, and vehicle networking.

PCBs in automotive radar systems, collision avoidance systems, and autonomous driving applications.

5. Aerospace and Defense Electronics:

PCBs used in aerospace and defense applications, including avionics, radar systems, communication equipment, and military-grade electronics.

High-speed PCBs in satellite communication systems, navigation systems, and missile guidance systems.

6. Industrial Control Systems:

PCBs used in industrial control systems that require high-speed data processing and communication, such as programmable logic controllers (PLCs), motion control systems, and robotics.

PCBs in high-speed data acquisition systems, industrial automation, and process control systems.

Final Thoughts

As electronic systems become increasingly complex and data rates continue to soar, the role of high-speed PCB substrates becomes paramount. ITEQ IT-168G1 stands as a game-changer in the field, enabling engineers to unlock new levels of performance and reliability in their designs. With its exceptional characteristics, including controlled impedance, thermal management capabilities, and optimized signal integrity, ITEQ IT-168G1 empowers engineers to tackle the challenges of high-speed applications with confidence.

By adhering to the design guidelines and leveraging the unique properties of ITEQ IT-168G1, engineers can achieve superior results in diverse industries, ranging from telecommunications and automotive to aerospace and beyond. Embrace the possibilities offered by ITEQ IT-168G1 substrates and unlock the potential of high-speed PCB designs.

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