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6 Layer PCB

Jarnistech > Multilayer PCB > 6 Layer PCB
6 Layer Blue Solder Mask PCB Circuit Board

A 6 layer PCB is a printed circuit board with six layers of conductive copper traces separated by insulating layers called substrates or prepregs. 6 layer PCBs are popular when a design requires moderate complexity in signal routing and power distribution with the need for optimum space utilization and EMC requirements.

In a 6 layer PCB configuration, the two external layers are commonly employed for routing signals, hence referred to as signal layers. The two central layers are typically designated as power and ground planes, furnishing a consistent power supply to the PCB components while simultaneously serving as a ground reference plane. Lastly, the two residual layers, colloquially known as the internal layers, are utilized either for signal routing or as supplementary power or ground planes.

6 layer PCBs are commonly used in various applications.For example: computer hardware, consumer electronics, automotive electronics and medical devices. They offer a host of benefits, which include enhanced signal stability, proficient power distribution, and diminished susceptibility to electromagnetic interference (EMI).

Designing a 6 layer PCB requires careful consideration of the layer stackup, routing strategy, placement and spacing of components, thermal management, and EMI/EMC compliance. A well-designed 6 layer PCB can provide optimal performance and reliability while minimizing space utilization and production costs.

6 Layer PCB Raw Substrate Materials

In PCB manufacturing, a standard PCB material typically showcases a Tg value exceeding 130 degrees, with high Tg values conventionally surpassing 170 degrees. On the other hand, medium Tg values generally hover around 150 degrees. High-Tg printed circuit boards are often described as high-temperature PCBs due to their elevated Tg values.

Multilayer circuit boards, such as 6-layer PCBs, typically require high-Tg value plates for manufacturing due to the increased thermal stability required by complex and densely populated boards. High-Tg materials offer superior resistance to heat and ensures the board is highly reliable and durable even under extreme temperatures.

As a PCB manufacturer, we understand the importance of selecting the appropriate PCB material for manufacturing based on the specific requirements of each project. For multilayer boards, we primarily use high-Tg value plates to ensure that the final PCB meets the necessary thermal standards and durability required of the project.

Design Considerations for 6 Layer PCBs

Layer Stackup: The layer stackup of a 6 layer PCB needs to be carefully designed to balance the electrical and mechanical requirements of the board. A typical 6 layer stackup consists of two outer layers, two signal layers, and two inner plane layers (power and ground).

Routing Strategy: Due to the complex nature of 6 layer PCBs, the routing strategy is critical for efficient signal flow and electrical performance. Some important routing strategies to consider include:

● Avoiding traces crossing over splits in the power or ground planes.

● Keeping high-speed signal traces short and minimizing parasitic capacitive and inductive effects.

● Using differential traces to reduce EMI and crosstalk.

● Implementing proper decoupling to reduce power supply noise.

Power and Ground Planes: Placing power and ground planes in adjacent inner layers can help to provide a stable, low-impedance power source. Power planes should be designed to handle the required current while minimizing voltage drop, and ground planes should be continuous to provide a stable reference.

Thermal Management: Proper thermal management is crucial to prevent heat-related damage to components and ensure reliable operation. Some considerations include:

● Employing thermal vias to dissipate heat to the board’s inner layers.
● Minimizing the distance between components generating substantial heat and thermal relief pads.
● Utilizing heat sinks to effectively disperse the heat.

Component Placement: Proper component placement is necessary to reduce the trace length and minimize electromagnetic interference on the board. Some key considerations include:

● Placing critical components closer to the power and ground planes to reduce the loop area.

● Avoiding placing noisy components close to sensitive analog circuits.

● Making sure there is adequate space between components to allow for proper cooling.

EMI/EMC Compliance: Considering EMI/EMC compliance during the design phase can help to minimize signal interference and ensure reliable operation. Some important considerations to address EMI/EMC issues are:

● Minimizing the loop area of critical signal paths by placing a ground plane beneath them.

● Utilizing EMI/EMC suppression techniques like using shielded cables and filtering components.

● Designing proper EMI shielding to protect the circuit.

● These aspects represent a mere fraction of the crucial design considerations one must heed when operating with 6 layer PCBs.

6 Layer Gold Finger PCB

6 Layer PCB Prototype Delivery Time and Cost

As an experienced multilayer PCB manufacturer based in China, JarnisTech prides itself on offering competitive pricing without compromising on the quality and speed of services. We specialize in the production of high-quality 6-layer prototype PCBs at an affordable price point.

The process of 6-layer prototype fabrication represents a quick, cost-effective and efficient solution to verify stack-up and design, locate errors and defects, and consequently minimize losses before commencing mass manufacturing.

At JarnisTech, we provide 6-layer prototype manufacturing services – express and standard. Our express prototyping promises a completion time within a rapid 72 hours span, whereas our conventional 6-layer prototype creation usually spans 5-7 business days, from initiation of the order to dispatch.

To obtain a free quote for your 6-layer PCB project, simply provide us with your PCB Gerber files and specify the desired quantity. We are committed to providing prompt and comprehensive feedback to meet your specific PCB manufacturing needs.

The Importance of 6-Layer Board Stackup in PCB Design

For countless years, multilayer printed circuit boards have held an indispensable position in the design industry, a result of the incessantly growing need to accommodate numerous electronic components on a singular board. This necessity stimulated the development of ingenious PCB design technologies and manufacturing methods to sustain such components. The inception of the 6-layer stackup was a solution to the requirement for additional traces on a board, superseding its 2- or 4-layer precursors. Today, the 6-layer stackup holds greater importance, requiring its correct configuration to optimize circuitry performance.

A PCB layer stackup, if inaccurately arranged, could face disruptions due to electromagnetic interference (EMI) and subpar signal performance. However, a methodical 6-layer stackup can significantly alleviate impedance and crosstalk complications, thereby promoting dependability and functionality of the circuit board. Importantly, an adeptly crafted layer stackup can shield the board from external noise disruptors. Consequently, the precise arrangement of a 6-layer stackup emerges as a vital aspect in PCB design for augmenting the circuit’s comprehensive performance and trustworthiness

How Many Types 6-Layer Board Stackup?

In the process of manufacturing a PCB, it’s essential to ascertain an appropriate count of signal, power, and ground layers to meet the unique needs of each application. For example, configurations intended to control signals will require an increased number of signal layers.

The following are some examples of 6-layer PCB stackup combinations suitable for various applications:

● Signal Layer, Ground, Power, Ground, Signal Layer, and Ground

A well-designed PCB with a combination of low and high-speed signals can be efficiently achieved using the stackup that combines the inner layer sandwiched between two ground planes. This setup ensures high protection for the inner layer while simultaneously allowing a mix of low and high-speed signals.

Given its location between two ground planes, the inner signal layer is well-protected from surface signal layers. The conductors in this arrangement also provide effective protection and help to suppress any electromagnetic interference (EMI) interactions with the inner signal layer.

It’s significant to acknowledge in this layout that components can solely be positioned on the top layer, with the potential to carve out the ground layer from the bottom layer to accommodate components. This modification can assist in refining the PCB design, ensuring its optimal functionality as per specific needs.

● Signal layer, Power, 2 Signal layers, Ground, and the Signal Layer

The stackup arrangement discussed here represents a common entry-level solution for PCB design. This configuration provides protection for low-speed traces and a strong connection with solid planes. Slow switching speeds can be effectively utilized in routing signals, or alternatively, inner layer routing in an orthogonal direction is achievable.

Notably, this arrangement has a drawback in that there is no interplane capacitance. The plane layers in this case differ, making it necessary to use additional decoupling capacitors to mitigate this issue and compensate for a lower level of capacitance.

● Ground Signal layer, Ground, Power, Ground Signal Layer and Ground

The stackup configuration being discussed is an ideal solution for suppressing electromagnetic interference (EMI) for circuit boards that are intended for use in noisy environments or in areas with high radiation. Additionally, this setup is well-suited for scenarios that require high isolation between signal layers.

This particular configuration consists of two signal layers, which can limit the available board space for routing signals. However, jammed conductors can be utilized to accommodate the signal layers.

The assembly of layers comprising the PCB board, which includes the copper stratum, core board, and PP layers, is known as the PCB stackup. A PCB board featuring a laminated structure of identical layer count can cater to diverse user necessities.

Multilayer PCBs (like a 6-layer PCB) contain a minimum of three strata of conductive material, wherein each stratum is interconnected via apertures. This construction offers enhanced operation, diminished electromagnetic interference (EMI), and better thermal regulation for intricate and densely populated boards.

Hence, each of these sextuple layer stackup combinations exhibits the potential to tailor the PCB design for specialized applications based on their unique requisites. Consequently, it is imperative to consider the peculiarities of each application when selecting the appropriate stackup configuration.

6 layer Immersion Gold Multilayer PCB

JarnisTech: Capacity for 6-Layer PCB Manufacturing

●The copper thickness on a PCB ranges from 1/3 ounce to 30 ounces.
●The finished PCB thickness can vary between 0.6mm and 6mm.
●The minimum line width required is 2.5 mil.
●For the minimum line space a distance of 2.5 mil is necessary.
●Holes with a diameter of 0.1mm are acceptable.
●The aspect ratio should ideally be, around 10;1 (8.1).

There are various surface methods used in PCB manufacturing, including OSP, HASL, immersion silver (AU), plated gold, immersion nickel, among others. However, clients prefer immersion silver, plated gold, and immersion nickel for multilayer PCBs. These surface methods are more efficient compared to OSP and HASL when it comes to soldering components to PCBs.

Immersion silver, plated gold, and immersion nickel have a superior surface finish, which provides excellent solderability and good electrical conductivity. They also form a stable and solid layer, which prevents oxidation and corrosion, resulting in better performance and durability of the PCB.

On the other hand, OSP and HASL surface methods are less expensive and easier to process. However, they are not as efficient as immersion silver, plated gold, and immersion nickel for multilayer PCBs since they provide inferior surface quality, which can lead to reduced solderability and reliability issues.

As a leading PCB manufacturer, we prioritize the use of immersion silver, plated gold, and immersion nickel surface methods for our multilayer PCBs to ensure that our clients receive high-quality PCBs that meet their requirements and offer excellent performance and durability.

How to Select 6 Layer PCB Manufacturer?

As a buyer on the hunt for a trustworthy 6-layer PCB manufacturer, you might question who holds the title of being the world’s premier and largest PCB manufacturer. It’s perfectly reasonable to harbor such queries as you investigate the perfect manufacturer that aligns with your specific requirements.

Despite a plethora of choices at your disposal, pinpointing the optimal one for your project can present a sizable challenge. Nonetheless, there exist several pivotal constituents that should factor into your decision-making process when electing a 6-layer PCB manufacturer.

Capabilities: When considering a PCB manufacturer, it’s essential to assess their capabilities to determine whether they possess the necessary expertise, knowledge, and resources to fulfill your specific project requirements.

A commendable PCB manufacturer must possess an all-encompassing grasp of diverse materials, production techniques, and the most recent progressions in the industry. Moreover, they should have a lucid comprehension of your project necessities, encompassing design stipulations, project timeframes, and any other distinct prerequisites.

A manufacturer with the capability and resources to provide additional design, assembly, and testing services will be better equipped to meet your specific project requirements. They should have advanced technologies and the capacity to scale up production as per your demands, leading to timely production, exceptional quality, and reliable professional services.

It is also essential to evaluate a manufacturer’s ability to meet tight deadlines and flexibility in accommodating unforeseen changes or rush orders. A reliable manufacturer should provide clear communication channels and contact personnel that can address any issues that might arise, leading to timely delivery and meeting or exceeding your expectations.

● Cost: While selecting a manufacturer, it’s also crucial to consider the cost of the PCBs. Cost is an essential factor that needs to be evaluated while estimating the total budget of the project. A reliable manufacturer should provide transparent pricing that aligns with your project requirements and quality standards.

When considering pricing, it’s important to assess the manufacturer’s ability to offer affordable pricing without compromising quality. This could include any discounts and specials they may provide for bulk orders or other promotional offers.

In addition to PCB pricing, it’s also important to evaluate the cost of any additional assembly services offered by the manufacturer. A great PCB supplier should provide competitive pricing for their assembly services whilst maintaining high-quality standards.

● Quality: As a consumer searching for a 6-layer PCB manufacturer, quality is the most important factor to consider. Without high-quality products that meet your specific project needs, your efforts to develop and produce a reliable device would be futile.

A manufacturer’s quality standards and processes directly influence the reliability, performance, and lifespan of their products. Therefore, it is essential to look for the manufacturer with a reputation for producing high-quality PCBs that can withstand wear and tear and consistently perform their intended function.

A manufacturer with strong quality assurance processes and tight controls throughout their production process will produce PCBs that meet or exceed industry standards. They achieve this by checking every crucial attribute of a PCB, including board layout, traces, vias, holes, and more to ensure they meet the desired specifications.

● Delivery Time: Ensuring that a PCB supplier meets your quality standards is crucial when ordering any type of PCB. Additionally, it’s important to consider the expected delivery time and whether the manufacturer is accommodating regarding rush orders.

The length of time it takes for a manufacturer to complete your order can impact the project timeline heavily. Therefore, a reliable manufacturer should provide realistic delivery estimates for each order type and communicate any changes transparently.

While understanding how long an order may take is a crucial aspect to consider when selecting a manufacturer, it is also important to remember the need for flexibility. A great PCB manufacturer will have solutions in place to meet unexpected changes to your delivery requirements, such as possible rush orders.

● Technical Assistance: In addition to factors such as quality, capacity, excellence, capability, geographical positioning, and expense, technical backup emerges as another pivotal element to weigh while selecting a 6-layer PCB manufacturer. While a lion’s share of manufacturers furnish a certain level of technical aid, the scope and quality of such backing can exhibit a notable variation.

Securing a dependable technical support system is integral to a seamless production workflow, especially for intricate and demanding undertakings that call for specialized acumen and proficiency. It’s fundamental to ascertain that the manufacturer extends exhaustive technical assistance during every phase of production, starting from preliminary design to the final manufacturing stage.

The extent and caliber of the technical assistance offered might vary from rudimentary advisory services to more progressive problem-solving, trial runs, and design backings. A manufacturer’s ability to provide effective technical support can often make a significant difference in the final product’s quality and functionality.

● Reputation: In addition to other key factors, such as quality, cost, capacity, and technical support, one should also consider customer feedback and the manufacturer’s reputations when selecting a PCB maker. The opinions of other customers and businesses can provide valuable insights into the manufacturer’s track record and expertise in the industry.

A reliable PCB maker with a solid reputation will possess a considerable amount of positive feedback from their past clients. Therefore, it is essential to conduct due diligence and research the manufacturer’s customer feedback and reviews to get a better understanding of their quality, reliability, and customer service.

One must look for a PCB manufacturer with a strong reputation – one built on the unfailing provision of top-tier products, dependable and swift services, coupled with unparalleled customer support. A premier PCB supplier should consistently aim to match or surpass their customers’ expectations, resulting in affirmative testimonials and impressive endorsements.

● Customer Service: In addition to factors such as technical support, quality, capacity, location, and cost, customer service is another essential aspect to consider when selecting a 6-layer PCB manufacturer. Having access to responsive and helpful customer service during the order process can significantly impact the entire production experience.

Prior to choosing a manufacturing partner, it’s vital to assess their customer service commitment, determining its alignment with your needs. A commendable manufacturer should have a well-defined set of guidelines surrounding their communication avenues, turnaround durations, and promptness in responses.

A manufacturer possessing a sturdy customer service department can assure swift and thorough support connected to an array of topics, which include updates on order status, delivery follow-ups, handling of payments, among others.

Superior customer service entails furnishing comprehensive details about the manufacturing proceedings, including design evaluations, material choice, printing competencies, and testing protocols. Access to this knowledge aids customers in making educated choices regarding their project necessities, thereby ensuring that the manufacturer can fulfil their stipulations.

6 Layer Rigid Flex Immersion Gold PCB

Applications of 6 Layer PCBs

6 layer PCBs are widely used in various electronic and electrical applications that require higher complexity in signal routing and power distribution. Some common applications of 6 layer PCBs include:

Telecommunications industry
Industrial control systems sector
Medical devices field
electronics sector
Aerospace and defense industry
Consumer electronics market

Troubleshooting Common Issues with 6 Layer PCBs

Here are some common issues that may arise with 6 layer PCBs and some troubleshooting solutions:

Signal Integrity Issues: Signal integrity disturbances might surface owing to insufficient power and ground planes, impedance disparity, noise, and crosstalk. Such problems can be abated by:

● Properly designing the power and ground planes and ensuring they are connected properly.

● Avoiding sharp corners and right angles on traces and ensuring trace lengths are kept to a minimum.

● Keeping traces that carry sensitive signals away from high-current traces.

● Using balanced differential signals to reduce noise and crosstalk.

Manufacturing Defects: PCBs can develop faults during the manufacturing process, such as open circuits, shorts, or incorrect trace routing. These can be addressed by:

● Conducting a Design for Manufacturability (DFM) review prior to manufacturing to detect and address potential issues.

● Carrying out Automated Optical Inspection (AOI) and X-ray inspection after manufacturing to detect faults and defects.

Thermal Management Issues: Thermal issues arise due to excessive power dissipation, inadequate cooling, and poor thermal management. To address these, you can:

● Guarantee sufficient distancing amongst components to facilitate appropriate air circulation.
● Employ thermal vias to augment heat dispersion and secure widespread heat distribution across several strata of the board.
● Implement heatsinks or alternative cooling strategies for components that engender significant heat.

Electrical Shorts: Electrical shorts transpire when multiple traces or components inadvertently interface, inducing a short circuit. This predicament can be rectified by:

●Conducting continuity tests to locate the short circuit and test the PCB.
●Fixing the short-circuit issue by removing extra solder or using a solder mask to cover the shorted path.

Insufficient EMI/EMC Protection: The PCB may be susceptible to electromagnetic interference (EMI), which could cause signal interference and reliability issues. To address this, you can:

● Ensure that the ground plane is properly connected to the chassis of the device.

● Use shielding to protect vulnerable components and circuits.

● Implement proper EMI/EMC design guidelines and practices during the PCB design phase.

Green Soldermask 6 Layer PCB

Future Trends in 6 Layer PCB Technology

Here are some potential future trends in 6 layer PCB technology:

● Miniaturization: The ongoing shift towards increasingly compact electronic devices is set to stimulate progress in 6-layer PCBs, likely leading to greater layer counts to fit more elements within confined spaces.

● IoT and Wearables: The rise of Internet of Things (IoT) and wearable tech industries will lead to a growing need, for slim and adaptable 6 layer PCBs.

● Higher Frequency and Signal Integrity: With an increasing emphasis on high-speed data communication, 6 layer PCBs with enhanced signal integrity capabilities and higher frequency tolerance will be required.

● 3D Printing: The transformative capabilities of 3D printing technology open the door for radical improvements in PCB production-processes, potentially fostering the creation of more sophisticated 6-layer PCBs that are simpler to manufacture.

● Integration with Sensors: Merging sensors with PCBs could prompt the creation of 6-layer PCBs that possess the capability to detect and interact with their surroundings instantaneously.

● Elevated Reliability and Durability: Besides performance upgrades, the emergence of 6-layer PCBs boasting amplified reliability, durability, and resilience against environmental elements like heat and dampness is anticipated to be a significant future trajectory.


A 6-layer PCB stackup is an excellent option for various applications due to its numerous benefits, including superior electrical and mechanical properties. Regardless of your level of expertise in electronics manufacturing, it’s important to partner with a high-quality 6-layer PCB manufacturer to achieve the desired results.

When selecting a manufacturer, performing thorough due diligence is crucial to ascertain the accurate details. This process necessitates the collection of information concerning the manufacturer’s reputation, competencies, quality assurance methods, manufacturing procedures, and cost.

Working with an experienced 6-layer PCB manufacturer is very important. Opting for a renowned PCB provider translates to access to superior, cost-efficient solutions, tested and proven across various applications and industries.

JarnisTech Provide unrivaled 6-layer PCB manufacturing services, efficiently catering to even the most intricate design specifications. Powered by cutting-edge technology, a proficient team of experts, and stringent quality control measures, we deliver peak quality products that operate reliably, consistently, and economically. Our exemplary standards in delivering outstanding products have positioned us as the preferred choice among clients scouting for trustworthy, superior quality 6-layer PCB manufacturing services.

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